TEN COMMANDMENTS
TEN COMMANDMENTS FOR RESPONSIBLE VOTING:

I. Thou shalt vote according to the dictate of your conscience.
II.Thou shalt respect the decision of others in choosing their candidates.
III.Thou shalt seek to know the moral integrity, capabilities and other personal qualities of the candidates you will vote for.
IV. Thou shalt strive to understand the issues, platform and programs of parties and candidates seeking your vote.
V. Thou shalt not sell your vote.
VI. Thou shalt not vote for candidates using goons, guns and golds.
VII. Thou shalt not vote for candidates for candidates with records of graft and corruption, and human rights violation.
VIII. Thou shalt not vote for candidates just because of utang na loob, personal appearance, popularity or pakikisama.
IX. Thou shalt not vote for candidates living an immoral life.
X. Thou shalt put hte welfare of the country above all else in choosing the candidates you will vote for.

Originally Posted at ABS-CBN INTERACTIVE – HALALAN 2007
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5 STEPS TO PICKING YOUR CANDIDATES

YOUR VOTE AND HOW TO USE IT

Your right to choose who will represent you is at the heart of any democratic government. Voting in elections is the best way to ensure that you have a say in how your barangay, your city, your province, and your country is run.

WHAT TO DO AT THE POLLING PLACE

Voting at a Polling Place

Voting at a polling place is very simple. The election workers – called the Board of Election Inspectors – will be able to help you if you’re not sure what to do.

If you are a registered voter, you will have received a Voter Information Sheet a few days before elections. If you haven’t received a VIS but you know that you are a registered voter, go to the polling place to confirm that you can vote. Remember, the VIS is not needed for voting.

The polling place will be a public school near where you live. It will be open from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. Bring some form of identification, like your school or company ID, passport, or driver’s license.

Voting with Assistors

Voters with special needs are allowed to have assistance in casting their votes. Assistors can be any of the voter’s relatives within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity. If no such relatives are available, any person of the voter’s confidence who belongs to the same household may be an assistor. In the absence of both a relative or a trusted house mates, any member of the Board of Election Inspectors may act as an assistor.

What to do:

* At the polling place, find the room assigned to your precinct.
* Identify yourself to the BEI so that they can check if you’re on the List of Voters
* You can show them your VIS if you have it with you.
* Once you’re identified as a registered voter, you will be given a ballot.

Casting Your Vote:

* You will be directed to voting stations where a sheet containing the names of the candidates for various positions will be posted prominently.
* Fill out the ballot making sure to follow the instructions on the ballot.
* Make sure you don’t write anything else on your ballot or your vote may not be counted.
* You can take as much time as you like – there’s no need to hurry.
* When you’re satisfied, hand your folded ballot to the Chairman of the BEI and have your finger stained with indelible ink.
* The Chairman will return your ballot for you to drop into the ballot box.

Don’t forget: You don’t have to show anyone how you voted.

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HOW THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM WORKS

In 2007, there will be three election systems in play. This section tells you more about

* Direct Elections for Senators, Members of the House of Representatives, and local government officials

[Direct Elections – For the most part, the Philippines uses the First Past
the Post (FPTP) system. This means simply that the person who gets
the most votes, wins. Theoretically, a candidate can win with just a
one-vote margin. Although this has never happened, many elections do
end up with the winning candidate having a very small lead.

The FPTP system is in play in elections for all elected positions, except
for Party-List Representative.]

* The Party-List System of Representation for Party-List Members of the House of Representatives

[Proportional Representation – At it’s most basic, the Party-List system,
involves each party presenting a list of candidates to the electorate,
voters voting for a party, and parties receiving seats in proportion to
their overall share of the national vote. Winning candidates are taken
from the lists in order of their position on the lists.

The Party-List system of representation was put in place to ensure that
underrepresented sectors would be given the chance to participate in
the work of the Legislature.]

* Overseas Absentee Voting

[Overseas Absentee Voting – gives Filipinos working or residing abroad
the opportunity to participate in Philippine elections. The OAV system
was first implemented in 2004.]

If the Automated Election System Bill is signed into law, the COMELEC may also implement partially automated elections in several pilot areas.

[Automated Election System – In 2007 the automated elections system
(AES) may undergo its first pilot test under the newly amended Republic
Act 8436. The AES is intended to minimize human intervention – or the
participation of people in the electoral process – which has been
identified in various studies as one of the major vulnerabilities of the
electoral system.

An early version of the AES was pilot tested in the Autonomous Region
in Mindanao in 1986, and used for the elections in the same region in
1988. There has never been a nationwide implementation of automated
elections.]

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HOW TO VOTE

In 2007, most voters will be casting their votes at polling places all over the country. Some will be casting their votes from overseas.

Also in 2007, most voters will be using traditional ballots that are accomplished by hand. Some will be using the automated election system for the first time.

Read on to find out how to vote:

AT A POLLING PLACE

Voting at a Polling Place

Voting at a polling place is very simple. The election workers – called the Board of Election Inspectors – will be able to help you if you’re not sure what to do.

If you are a registered voter, you will have received a Voter Information Sheet a few days before elections. If you haven’t received a VIS but you know that you are a registered voter, go to the polling place to confirm that you can vote. Remember, the VIS is not needed for voting.

The polling place will be a public school near where you live. It will be open from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. Bring some form of identification, like your school or company ID, passport, or driver’s license.

Voting with Assistors

Voters with special needs are allowed to have assistance in casting their votes. Assistors can be any of the voter’s relatives within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity. If no such relatives are available, any person of the voter’s confidence who belongs to the same household may be an assistor. In the absence of both a relative or a trusted house mates, any member of the Board of Election Inspectors may act as an assistor.

What to do:

* At the polling place, find the room assigned to your precinct.
* Identify yourself to the BEI so that they can check if you’re on the List of Voters
* You can show them your VIS if you have it with you.
* Once you’re identified as a registered voter, you will be given a ballot.

Casting Your Vote:

* You will be directed to voting stations where a sheet containing the names of the candidates for various positions will be posted prominently.
* Fill out the ballot making sure to follow the instructions on the ballot.
* Make sure you don’t write anything else on your ballot or your vote may not be counted.
* You can take as much time as you like – there’s no need to hurry.
* When you’re satisfied, hand your folded ballot to the Chairman of the BEI and have your finger stained with indelible ink.
* The Chairman will return your ballot for you to drop into the ballot box.

Don’t forget: You don’t have to show anyone how you voted.

———-

OVERSEAS ABSENTEE VOTING

1. Approach the Poll Clerk and give your name and address together with other date concerning your person. After your identity as a voter has been ascertained or has not been challenged or having been challenged and the question has been decided in your favor, you shall approach the Chairman for issuance of your official ballot.

2. Before issuing the official ballot, the Chairman shall:

* Affix his signature in the space provided for the purpose in the LOAVVR;
* Announce the serial number of the ballot and enter the same in the LOAVVR, opposite the name of the voter;
* Authenticate the ballot by affixing his signature at the back of the ballot. Failure to authenticate the ballot shall not invalidate the ballot but the Chairman shall be liable for an election offense;
* Fold the ballot in such a manner that its contents are hidden and that only the portion where the serial number of the ballot coupon is shown and issue the folded ballot to you.

3. You shall then personally accomplish your ballot by writing the names of the candidates/party-list of your choice. After which, fold the ballot in the same manner as when you received it and then return it to the Member-Secretary.

4. The Member-Secretary, without seeing the contents of the ballot and within your view and the Chairman, shall verify:

* The serial number of the ballot coupon against the number previously entered in the LOAVVR;
* Whether or nor the ballot coupon is detached; or
* The ballot is accidentally defaced by you such that it cannot lawfully be used.

5. If the serial number of the ballot coupon is the same as that previously issued to you, affix your right thumb mark in the corresponding space in the ballot coupon and opposite your name in the LOAVRR.

6. The Member-Secretary shall then detach the ballot coupon, deposit it in the ballot box compartment for spoiled ballots, provide you with an envelope for the ballot, and return your ballot.

7. You shall then place your ballot inside the envelope and to return it to the Chairman who shall deposit the envelope containing the ballot inside the ballot box compartment for valid ballots in your presence and other members of the SBEI After which you shall depart the polling center.

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Originally posted at www.bagongbotante.com